Tuesday, May 19, 2020
I interviewed my father, Reynaldo Martinez, who is a 53 year old Salvadoran immigrant and has lived in the United States for 33 years. I posed the topic question of how the treatment of Latinos and Hispanics have changed over his time in the United States, and if it has gotten worse or better. His overall view was that the current political and social environment can sometimes be harsh right now to Latinos, and in his opinion discrimination towards them has gotten worse. He said, Ã¢â¬Å"I think thereÃ¢â¬â¢s an underlying resentment about the direction the country is going.Ã¢â¬ The resentment being that some seem to blame Latinos and immigrants are contributing to the decline of the country. He thinks major developments and national world events haveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After being in the states for ten years, he applied for citizenship. He said he could have at seven years, but he did not feel he had a big rush to do that. I asked if he would have felt a bigger rush to apply for citizenship now if he came later than then because of the way people see immigrants now, and he said more than likely he would have. He was not illegal though. He was a legal resident that could do much of what a citizen could, but he could not vote. When he and his brothers came from El Salvador, they lived in Brooklyn, New York for a while. It was a polish community; a neighborhood of immigrants. He did not face any problems there. Then they moved to Manhattan into a predominately black and Puerto Rican community. The issues he was concerned with was security and safety issues. Since he lived in minorities neighborhoods he did not face much discrimination. In 1993, my father, mother, and one year old sister moved to North Carolina. There he faced some more prominent discrimination. My father was making phone calls to check for listings for apartments that were for rent in Raleigh. A lady answered and he told her his name. With his name and accent she could probably tell he was Latino. She had told him that they prefer not to rent to Latinos, which was disheartening to hear. I asked him if he thought that could still occur today. He replied, Ã¢â¬Å"I hope not, but
Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1491 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2019/04/16 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Poverty Essay Did you like this example? Poverty isnt the mother of crime. However it is one noteworthy benefactor. Crime exists, since individuals need something they dont have, and are not willing to comply with the law(s) on the books to get it. What poverty does is, it decreases the things needy individuals have accessible to them, along these lines offering undeniably more things for needy individuals to wantÃ¢â¬ and substantially more inspiration to them to carry out a crime to get it. Along these lines, more needy individuals perpetrate crimes than individuals who arent. Be that as it may, this is definitely not a causal relationship, it is a parallel one. Similar variables that reason poverty are the elements that expansion crime rates among poor populaces. That is the reason just tossing cash at poor networks doesnt help. Until the point that we address the elements that reason the poverty itself, we cant address the existing together crime rates. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Poverty Is The Mother Of Crime" essay for you Create order Poverty isnt the mother of crime. It is just home to it. Poverty isnt having a job, fear for the future and living for one day at a time. Poverty is feebleness, absence of opportunity. Individuals in evident poverty come up short on the fundamental things of being a living person. This makes them frantic. Urgent individuals will effectively get what they require. It is science. I have a straightforward investigation that may encourage you (or anybody with a similar inquiry) to get it. Think about a food that you truly dont like. I am not discussing the food that disturbs or sickens you, however one that you just truly dont like and that you could never eat. Presently, go three or four days without eating anything. Toward the finish of that period, get a portion of that food that you dont like. How would you respond to it now? Its obvious, while a few criminals are greedy and unenergetic, and keeping in mind that a few people appear to be conceived terrible, numerous individuals in poverty have no real way to get what they require as people outside of taking it. Along these lines, they swing to crime. Not all time Poverty is mother of all crimes and in some cases the rich people also commit crime due to their wealth as they think that their wealth can hide their all crimes. So we can say that crimes are not only associated with poverty as it also have involvement of wealthy and rich people. However there may be a little of positive connection among poverty and crimes. suppose that if you are a poor or an employee with salary , salary that even cannot fulfill your basic needs ,what you will do, you could get baffled or pressured; this pressure would explode any time. Suppose you have children and they are hungry and you dont have cash, what might you do? You might steal cash to feed them. According to relative-deprivation theory, individuals commit crimes to send a signal to the State that the system they are forced to live in is inherently biased against them and their socio-economic standing in the society (Chester, 1976; Hughes and Carter, 1981; Stack, 1984). In this manner, even people with business and real salary gaining opportunity will be slanted towards carrying out crime in light of hardship of essential needs and general imbalance in the public arena. In any case, not all exploration around there passes on that financial variables and crime are positively related. Certain theories hypothesize a negative connection between total or relative poverty and property crime with the under lying clarification that crime dies down with boundless perpetual poverty by bringing returns down to crime. Cohen, Kluegel and Land (1981: 511) state that income inequality results in housing, employment and activity patterns by upper income individuals that lower criminal opportunity. Returns to crime and opportunity theories contend that, controlling for the general income distribution, a reduction in absolute poverty is associated with a proportional growth in all income groups including that of the potential victims and offender. Poverty cant prompt crime or originate from the demonstration of being stupid. No one will want to born poor. It is a power a lot more prominent than what we can imagine that has the ability to compose or change predetermination. Good and bad is given. It is educated. Not all underprivileged take, murder, explicitly assault or perpetrate crime. A perfect example is Oprah Winfrey. She was naturally introduced to poverty in rustic Mississipi. She didnt assault or carry out a crime; rather she ended up a standout amongst the most practiced ladies on the planet. Helping other people who used to resemble her. JK Rowling, a creator of the smash hit, Harry Potter was once on welfare installments. She too did not perpetrate any criminal demonstrations in spite of being poor. Here and there being with next to nothing make oneself more propelled to run, to escape from poverty. As hard and as quick as one can run, in some cases there is no chance to get exit. In all nations and countries there will be a considerable measure of crime and natives breaking a lot of laws. However , this may just occur in times of distress. A period where one can never have enough pay to pay for the necessities throughout everyday life. Along these lines, it is right to take from others with the end goal to get by, to ensure family. Thus poverty is equipped for crime. It is just human nature to do as such. By and by not all poverty prompts crime. Particularly in nations, for example, Australia. Australia being one of the simple not many that give welfare installments to the individuals who dont acquire enough to help themselves or their family. It is up to the low salary workers to utilize and ensure that cash admirably. A simple way out. A getaway course from poverty, the mother of crime. rich individuals likewise do enormous crimes however are not been rebuffed on account of their cash influence. Whats more, the poor ones victimize or take to feed their family as the rich one dont offer occupations to them and subsequently it makes them to be a criminal itself. Numerous individuals who are rich have been picked up that cash by crimes like burglary and so forth. The needy individuals additionally get rebuffed on their crimes and will in general take in an exercise from it however the rich ones utilize their cash to pay the attorneys and to decrease or complete their discipline. The best killers, ruffians and exchanging weapons were truly well off some were previous specialists hijackers seize for no particular reason it might unravel some crime, however greed is dependably around the corner. Mostly are those who were abused by their folks or family members and take out their rage on others. Insights demonstrate that 90% of the time their friends, folks or somebody near them have had a criminal record. A popular thing to say, may be it is true or not, is that, People who rob, rape, and murder do so because they lack a functioning conscience and moral self-control. It is not poverty that causes violent crime, but poor character.2 Different sorts of Poverty, Physical Poverty does not cause crime. Generally, Immigrants are dependably the poorest, however in truth the absolute most joyful to be here. Poverty of the Spirit is the causal factor. Absence of guardians, awful guardians, absence of direction in life prompts Poverty of the soul, which leads to crime. Physical poverty can contribute, however isnt a main driver. Being poor has never been the catalyst for somebody to act criminally. There are numerous crimes propelled by sheer insatiability and which are frequently carried out by individuals who are as of now well-to-do or even inside and out rich. Additionally, there are yet different classifications of crimes which are propelled by various things inside and out. Sex crimes, fo r example, might be the consequence of impulses caused by clinical conditions like paraphilias, or by different sorts of psychological instability. Many top achievers worldwide come from a underprivileged background. The enormous corruption in our country is not committed by the poor, but by people with jobs, food, houses and cars. Wealthy and sometimes very wealthy individuals and even companies commit crime. Who said needy individuals cant be greedy? Some destitute individuals are far more greedy than the rich. Its simply the ethical conviction and control that has the effect. Thinking that the reduction of poverty will solve our crime problem is pie in the sky. The main thing that will change is the criminal will currently have a full stomach when he goes out to murder, assault and take. Crime is digging in for the long haul except if our administration actualizes more serious ramifications for offenders and responsibility. Poverty does not cause crime. Crime causes poverty. If poverty is the mother of crime, lack of good sense is its father.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In 1787, the United States of America Constitution was ratified by two-thirds of the states. The Constitution created a new government in the United States of America that was constructed around the idea of separation of power by the three branches of government with a system of checks and balances. These branches include the executive branch, the bicameral legislative branch and judicial branch. In order to ensure that no branch were to overpower the other two branches, the forefathers of the United States of America created a system of checks and balances. In the new government of the United States of America, the president had a Cabinet with a Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of War, Attorney General andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦By and large, however, Alexander HamiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s vision for the new government of the United States of America was in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s best interest. Alexander HamiltonÃ¢â¬â¢s goal was to create a stable economy. He was concerned with the public credit of the United States of America. It was found that United States of America had debts amounting to $54 million from the Revolutionary War, $10 million of which was owed to wartime ally France and Dutch bankers. He proposed an economic plan that would solidify the economic structure of the country. Hamilton believed that the public debt assumption of all the states would be Ã¢â¬Å"the powerful cement of our UnionÃ¢â¬ if his bond proposal that would improve the national public credit was be accepted. A bond is certificate issued by a government or company promising to pay back borrowed money at a fixed rate of interest on a specified date. He stated that all war bonds from the Revolutionary War must be paid in full at face value to those holding the bond agreements. He felt that if the repayment of war bonds was not taken solemnly or if only a fraction of the face value was paid, the government would lose the confidence and loyalty of the people. He felt it was imperative that the people confidence in the new system of government. To raise money to pay off the debts, Hamilton proposed the option of newShow MoreRelatedThe Faulty Nature of the United States Electoral College1286 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesII, Section 1 of the Constitution, the Electoral College is a system utilized in The United States of America to select the President and Vice President. This process was established by the Founding Fathers in 1787, when the Constitution was written. The original purpose of the electoral system was to ensure that those who select the leaders of this nation were the most knowledgeable and informed people that America had to offer. The electors - the elected officials that make up the Electoral CollegeRead MoreThe First Political Parties Essay2263 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe need for political parties.1 However, following his presidency the public was divided with opposing opinions, each arguing the best methods to regulate the country. 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JG was born on January14, 1962 in Worcester, MA. She is a Caucasian; a single woman whose primary language is English. She is approximately 5Ã¢â¬â¢3Ã¢â¬ tall, weighs approximately 175 pounds, has brown hair, brown eyes, wears glasses, and has a birthmark on her hand. JG has a court appointed temporary guardian through DDS to provide her with the support she needs in order to maintain safe boundaries from her former care givers. JG lives with her shared living provider, Melissa and her family. She is currently unemployed. JG has three biological brothers and two sisters alive. Her mom and one brother are deceased. She communicates frequently with one of her sisters in person and by phone. She is very concerned about one of her brothers who abuse substances. He is homeless and JG has engaged in frequent attempts to sneak out of the house at 4:00 am to search for him. Her efforts have been unsuccessful however, and her caregiver and family are very concerned about her doing this an d walking to unsafe neighborhoods. JG demonstrates poor insight and will engage in denial or sabotage. She can be impulsive and responds to needs in the moment rather than inhibiting her immediate desires for long-term goals. She struggles with respect and valuing herself, with inflexibility in thought processing, displays poor judgment and limited insight. She also has difficulties with accepting responsibility whenever she does something wrong and will instead ask to be removed from her current home andShow MoreRelatedTheme Of Insanity In Hamlet1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthroughout ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s writing that indicate a lost sense of sanity in the main characters Hamlet, his uncle/father Claudius, his mother/aunt Gertrude, and Ophelia. Each of these characterÃ¢â¬â¢s sanity plays a large role in the plot of the play. 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Salinger author of The Catcher in The Rye are both very well known writers. The Catcher In The Rye By J. D Salinger The Catcher in the Rye written by J. D. Salinger is a book written in 1951. IT is considered to be one of the greatest books, it has also become very controversial all throughout the world. We begin the book Narrated by Holden Caulfield, a 17 year old boy (by the end of the novel). Holden is speaking to us from a mental war inside of southern CaliforniaRead MoreFilm Crash Film Analysis1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof Los Angeles in the early 2000Ã¢â¬â¢s. Starring such actors as Don Cheadle, Sandra Bullock and Matt Dillon, this mind-warping film follows several disenchanted individuals as they are tested by the ever-growing race and class war in California on a December evening. While racism, ignorance and class division are all relevant themes within the film, the one that begs further examination is the effects of poverty, bias and urban disconnect among the Waters Family. 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It is also often confused with epistemology, which is about knowledge and knowing. Ontology is one of core areas of philosophical study, which research as the nature of being, reality and existence, it also discuss about the relationship between each categories of being. Ã¢â¬ËAn ontology is a specification of a conceptualization. Ã¢â¬â¢(Gruber, 1993: 199). Objectivism Ã¢â¬ËObjectivism is an ontological position that asserts that social phenomena and their meanings have an existence that is independent of social actors. It implies that social phenomena and the categories that we use in every day discourse have an existence that is independent or separate from actorsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Bryman, 2007: 22). Objectivism is a philosophical terminology that refers to an attitude of people to look at things, to think about things without particular point of person, means the properties of the thing itself without personal views. Further, objectivism also means the existence of natural and social properties of things (Saunders, 2007; Bryman, 2007). Subjectivism An ontological position that asserts, that entities are created from the perceptions and consequent actions of those social actors responsible for their creationÃ¢â¬â¢ (Saunders, 2007: 612). According to Saunders (2007), subjectivism is the consciousness and spirit of people, it is opposed to objectivism. Subjectivism means that people participate in to observe some things, at this time, the nature and social properties and rule of the observed things will vary with different views from different people. Positivism The epistemological position that advocates working with an observable social reality. The emphasis is on highly structured methodology to facilitate replication, and the end product can be law-like generalizations similar to those produced by the physical and natural scientistsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Saunders, 2007: 606). According to Saunders (2007), positivism is an ontological position, one or the main determinants in research questions research philosophy. Positivis m is attribute with the naturel sciences. It reflects scientific laws by summarize the phenomenon. Interpretivism Ã¢â¬ËThe epistemological position that advocates the necessity to understand differences between humans in their role as social actorsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Saunders, 2007: 600). Interpretivism is a philosophical viewpoint formed from human scientific process, mainly common in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Interpretivism is based on idealism, it advocates that human experience of the world is not the passive perception and acceptance on the material world, but takes an initiative to the increase understanding and interpretation. The interpretivist ontological basis of the real world is the human explanation for the different behaviour and condition of the product. In other words it attempts to understand the truth of the real world, which is built the subjective idea of humanity (Schwandt, 1994). Quantitative Approach Ã¢â¬ËTake a quantitative approach to addressing their research questions and design a study that involves collecting quantitative data and analyzing them using statistical methodsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Collis, 2009: 7). According to Bryman (2007), the quantitative approach is a research strategy or process that emphasizes quantification in the collection, analysis and explanation of data. It uses questionnaires to achieve the purpose by set up the research questions and is predetermined. Qualitative Approach The qualitative approach addresses research questions by examining the consciousness and spirit of people (Collis, 2009). The qualitative approach is a research strategy or process that usually emphasizes words rather than quantification in the collection, analysis and explanation of data (Bryman 2007). Qualitative research is likely to lead to a greater range of ethical concerns (Saunders 2007). Interviews are often used to gather reliable and valid information for the research. It is a purposeful discussion between two or more people (Kahn and Cannell, 1957, cited in Saunders 2007). The focus group method is a form of group interview in which: there are several participants, there is an emphasis in the questioning on a particular fairly tightly defined topic; and the accent is upon interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning (Bryman, 2007: 511) The focused group can be separate into individual interview and group interview (Merton et al. 1956, cited in Bryman 2007). Pragmatic Approach Ã¢â¬ËAn ontological position that argues that the most important determinant of the research philosophy adopted is the research questions. It applies a practical approach, integrating different perspectives to help collect and interpret dataÃ¢â¬â¢ (Saunders, 2007: 607). According to Saunders (2007), pragmatic research is a practical approach, it employs the thinking of both the Interpretivism and Positivism. Using both quantitative and qualitative approach, integrating different options to help collect and interpret data. Conclusion Compare with qualitative and quantitative research, I found that using quantitative approach, the aim is to classify features, build statistical models to explain what is observed, and researcher should know specifically what information is looking for and tends to keep objectively during the research. The data collect by use questionnaires, and the quantitative data is more efficient. Different with quantitative approach, for qualitative approach, the aim should be complete and detailed statement, researcher may only know roughly what information is looking and he/she may be subjectively immersed in the research process. The data gathering by use interview or focus group, but the qualitative data may be less able to be generalized. The research project has been decided to review the Apple Inc. development strategy during last 10 years.
Question: Discuss about the Corporate Social Responsibility and Developing Sustainably. Answer: Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility is defined as an approach, which helps the organization in developing sustainably for delivering economic, social as well as environmental benefits to the stakeholders (Okpara and Idowu 2013). It is adopted by various industries in Australia for maximizing their annual profit. The telecom industry of Australia Telestra uses CSR in staying productive, competitive as well as relevant in the rapidly changing world of business. In this assignment, strengths as well as weaknesses of various phrases are illustrated. The report discusses significance of CSR, role of CSR in telecom industry of Australia, key players of Australian telecom industry, impact of CSR on the success of the business and improvements required in Corporate Social responsibility. Meaning and significance of Corporate Social Responsibility The term corporate social responsibility is a business approach, which helps in contributing towards sustainable development by providing economic, social as well as environmental benefits to all the stakeholders of the organization. Corporate social responsibility is very much significant for telecom industry as it helps the organization in staying productive, competitive as well as relevant in the rapidly changing world of business. It is stated by Okpara and Idowu (2013) that CSR provides opportunity to the telecom industry so that they can work for the betterment of the society in order to make it a better place to live. On the other hand, Schneider and Schmidpeter (2012) stated that CSR plays a significant role in making the brand of the organization more popular not among the competitors but also among the media as well as among the common people. Corporate social responsibility assists in strengthening the bond among various employees. The adoption of Corporate Social responsibility requires numerous changes in procedures. According to Korschun, Bhattacharya and Swain (2014), the telecom industry needs to hire some additional personnel for managing the initiatives of CSR. The actions came at a cost and as a result, it is quite expensive. On the hand, Cheng, Ioannou and Serafeim (2014) stated that many business undertakes the initiatives of CSR for bolstering their public images. The initiatives require the organization to release some important information, which has an opposite effect. Ho: The CSR can be advantageous for increasing the productivity of the organization. H1: The CSR cannot be advantageous for increasing the productivity of the organizations. It is found from the above analysis that the adopted CSR is either significant or disadvantageous for the telecom industry. The organization must adopt CSR effectively in order to utilize it in increasing the productivity of the organization as well as for becoming competitive in the market of Australia. Role of Corporate Social Responsibility in the telecom industry of Australia Corporate Social Responsibility is a term that is required for describing the efforts of an organization for improving its different operations. It is considered as one of the standard business practices by Telestra. The establishment of CSR strategy within the organization plays an important role in gaining competitive advantage. There are numerous roles of corporate social responsibility in the telecom industry of Australia. According to Ofodile et al. (2012), the policies of CSR helps in entailing self-regulation, adherence to various rules and regulations, achieving ethical standards, consumer satisfaction, welfare of the employees and stakeholders benefit. The telecom industries of Australia are always driven by the need of making more profits. The CSR assists the telecom industry in increasing their profits, sustainability, integrity as well as reputation in the business, which is included in the policy of the organization (Mousavi et al. 2013). The adoption of CSR by the organization Telestra helps in promoting the brand of the organization. The organization is experiencing rapid growth by having effective contribution in the gross domestic product of the nation. On the other hand, it is stated by Kobzar, Nikolayeva and Shvets (2014), that the adoption of CSR policies are not always driven or motivated by increased profit. The organization Telestra have realized that for adopting Corporate Social Responsibility, they require special appeal from the stakeholders (Sharma, Sharma and Devi 2013).The organization Telestra have faced number of challenges including insecurity of property, infrastructure problems, lack of credit, high volume cash transaction, environmental challenges and many more. The telecom industry of Australia also faces problems in performing the roles in context with corporate social responsibilities due to the government policies. H0: The adoption of CSR in the telecom industry of Australia Telestra is quite advantageous in increasing profitability. H1: The adoption of CSR in Telestra cannot be advantageous in increasing profit. It can be concluded that CSR have numerous roles in the organization Telestra for increasing the annual profitability but the organization also faces number of challenges in performing different roles within the telecom industry of Australia. Key players of Australian telecom industry and the initiatives taken by CSR The telecom companies in Australia are mainly engaged in maintaining, operating as well as accessing various facilities for proper as well as effective transmission of sound, text, data and many more. The main key players of telecom industries in Australia includes NetComm Wireless limited, My Net Fone Limited, Singapore Telecommunications Limited, TPG Telecom limited, and M2 group limited (Deng, Kang and Low 2013). There are number of initiatives, which are taken by Corporate Social responsibility in the telecom industries. Corporate Social Responsibilities provides basic expectations to the organizations by taking initiatives in protecting public health, safety of the public and the environment. According to Brammer, Jackson and Matten (2012), CSR helps in explaining the concepts of values and ethics for influencing the extent of corporation. The initiatives, which are taken by CSR for the telecom industries of Australia, have a positive impact on the evaluations of the company, which is mediated by the perceptions of self-company congruence for supporting various domains of CSR (Dyck et al. 2015). The initiative, which is taken by CSR in increasing the profitability of the company, also increases competitive advantage for the organizations. (Flammer (2013) opined that the CSR initiatives and financial stock market of the companies does not always have a positive impact on the performance of the organizations. H0: The initiatives taken by CSR may have positive impact on the telecom industries H1: The initiatives, which are taken by the telecom industries, do not have a positive impact on the organization. Corporate Social Responsibility adopted by different telecom industries helps in earning profit by the organizations. After deducting different expenses from the revenue, it is identified that the telecom companies of Australia are achieving profit by adopting CSR. The analysis helps in providing an idea about the operations of the organizations and their market capitalization assists in specifying the position of the companies in the market. Impact of Corporate social responsibility on the success of business Corporate social responsibility helps in increasing the profit of the organizations and therefore all the large companies are actively engaged to it. It is believed by some executives that CSR plays a significant role in improving the profit of the organization (Rupp et al. 2015). CSR helps in promoting the brand of the company in the market place, helps in enhancing the sales of the telecom industries, and increases loyalty of the employees. According to Baumann-Pauly et al. (2013), the activities, which are associated with Corporate Social Responsibilities focuses on various sustainability issues, which further helps in improving the efficiency of the organization. It is stated by Kitzmueller and Shimshack (2012) that adoption of CSR within telecom industries helps in gaining possible listings in the Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes or other indices which helps in enhancing the stock price of the company making the stocks options as well as the executives of stocks more profitable. It is opined by Marquis and Qian (2013), that Corporate Social responsibility does not help the organizations in gaining profit. The growths of profit in the telecom industry in context to CSR are frequently difficult to define as it is considered as a challenging task (Khan, Muttakin and Siddiqui 2013). An environment of tension is created within the telecom industries while efforts are provided in order to maximize profits the corporate social programs are targeted due to the social problems. It is also an important task to trace the benefits of CSR for tracing the performance of the organization. H0: The impacts of corporate Social Responsibility on the telecom industries are positive. H1: The impacts of corporate Social responsibility on the telecom industries cannot be positive. The CSR plays an important role in maximizing the profit of the organization and it helps the organization in resolving the issues that are related with sustainability. The organization needs to generate some ideas as well as policies in order to solve the challenges that the organizations faces due to the adoption of Corporate Social Responsibility. Improvements required in the area of Corporate Social responsibility Improvements in context to Corporate Social Responsibility are very much required for increasing the profitability within an organization. There are number of ways that can be utilized in order to improve the area of Corporate Social Responsibility. According to Morgeson et al. (2013), the organizations must make proper as well as effective decisions regarding sustainable purchasing as the decisions helps in buying sustainable goods and services. It is very much important for the organization to be upfront as well honest in order to provide information properly so that the involved stakeholders will achieve proper insight of the problems as well as challenges. It is stated by (Bondy, Moon and Matten (2012) that is quite important to have proper community development for ensuring positive relationship with the communities for making the organizations involved. It is analyzed that improvement in CSR increases competitive advantage for organizations. It is stated by Flammer (2015), that the operations, products or services that are utilized for improving the CSR of the organizations are not always environmental friendly and as a result it has some negative impacts on the growth of sales and consumption of products. H0: Improvements are required in Corporate Social Responsibility in order to enhance the success of the organizations. H1: Improvements are not required for enhancing the success of the organizations in Corporate Social Responsibility. It is very much important for the organization to use proper and effective operations as well as products so that they do not have negative impact on the environment of the organization. The organization must take help from the governments for supporting cleaner, greener as well as sustainable environment for improving corporate social responsibility of the organization. Conclusion It can be concluded that corporate social responsibility helps in providing positive influence in achieving completive advantage within the organization. It is analyzed that CSR helps in increasing the profit of the organizations, which further helps in promoting the brand of the company in the market place. It helps in strengthening the bond among various employees and focuses on various sustainability issues, which further helps in improving the efficiency of the organization. The CSR assists the telecom industry in increasing their profits, sustainability, integrity as well as reputation in the business, which is included in the policy of the organization. The CSR helps in providing an idea about the operations of the organizations and their market capitalization assists in specifying the position of the companies in the market. The initiative, which is taken by CSR in increasing the profitability of the company, also increases competitive advantage for the organizations as CSR in itiatives and financial stock market of the companies does not always have a positive impact on the performance of the organizations. Therefore, it is quite important for the organization to adopt CSR effectively in order to utilize it in increasing the productivity of the organization as well as for becoming competitive in the market of Australia. The organization needs to generate some ideas as well as policies in order to solve the challenges that the organizations faces due to the adoption of Corporate Social Responsibility. References Baumann-Pauly, D., Wickert, C., Spence, L.J. and Scherer, A.G., 2013. Organizing corporate social responsibility in small and large firms: Size matters.Journal of Business Ethics,115(4), pp.693-705. Bondy, K., Moon, J. and Matten, D., 2012. 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Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Life in Rome Life in Rome "Was Rome a pleasant city to live in?" Well, writers who wrote about it say that they didn't think so. This is based on survived writings. One big reason why life was not that good was the plan of the city. To many buildings were being built. Emperors were building too many impressive, marble temples. Then in the residential areas were the insulae. They are unplanned blocks of poorly built apartment buildings. These buildings were for the ordinary Roman. They were built very closely, and building collapse was common. Nero made a more systematic reconstruction of the buildings. He used brick concrete instead of wood. Even though he did this, less than twenty years later half the city got on fire. This probably happened because the Romans use torches, oil lamps, and cooked on gas stoves. An hour couldn't go without a fire starting somewhere. The streets of Rome were also very noisy especially at night. This was because Caesar said that chariots were allowed on the streets only after sunset. The streets were also very crowded. So even when the chariots weren't there, the people were. Another very chaotic place was the Argiletum. This is the most known shopping center in the empire. Most Romans didn't own land. "The average Roman had little privacy and still less money." Most Romans who lived in the city were craftsmen, shopkeepers, or general laborers. "Trade was always conducted on a small scale." This was because each merchant was responsible for himself. The large trading place was between the Forum and the Tiber. The tradesmen and the bankers worked together. The artisans and craftsmen had their own district. If people were in the same trade, they would join together to form a collegia. When children were born, they were placed at the front of their father's house, so the father could inspect the baby. The father could accept or reject the child. To accept the child, the father would pick it up. The baby is given a name eight or nine days later. Children were sent to school at about age six or seven. "The Twelve Tables decreed that a man might only sell his son three times." There are tree types of marriage in Rome. Parents permission was required for all marriages. One was the confarreatio, which was a religious ceremony. The bride and groom would eat cake. The second type of marriage was coemptio, which means purchase. The last type of marriage was called usus. Women could never be totally independent. If she wasn't under the authority of a husband, then she was owned by her father. "Divorces were very common." Rome was a very advanced city. It was also very strong. Even though it was strong and advanced, it wasn't very good to live there. They had many problems. We know this from survived writings about Rome. Writers Horace and Juvenal didn't think that the city was very pleasant. Writings about Alexandria and Antioch, smaller cities, made the cities seem like a more pleasant and quieter place than Rome.